Constitution Day ‑ Thailand
|Event Name||Constitution Day - Thailand|
|Start Date||10th Dec 2018 12:00am|
Since 1932, Thailand has had 20 charters or constitutions (as of 2015) - an average of one roughly every four years - many adopted following military coups, which reflects a high degree of political instability. All of these called for a constitutional monarchy, but with widely differing separation of powers between the branches of government. Most of them stipulated parliamentary systems, but several of them also called for dictatorships, eg, the 1957 Charter. Both unicameral and bicameral parliaments have been used, and members of parliament have been both elected and appointed. The direct powers of the monarch have also varied considerably.
The 2007 Constitution was written by a group of drafters appointed by the army-led Council for National Security, but was approved by a public referendum. Prior to the referendum, the military junta passed a law making it illegal to publicly criticiSe the draft. Controversial features in the constitution included a partly-appointed Senate and amnesty for the leaders of the 2006 coup.
The 1997 Constitution of Thailand, often called the "people's constitution", was considered a landmark in terms of the degree of public participation involved in its drafting as well as the democratic nature of its articles. It stipulated a bicameral legislature, both houses of which were elected. Many human rights were explicitly acknowledged for the first time, and measures were established to increase the stability of elected governments.